[57] Land husbandry initiatives such as the Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project, which includes the Himachal Pradesh Reforestation Project (HPRP), the world's largest clean development mechanism (CDM) undertaking, have improved agricultural yields and productivity, and raised rural household incomes. "snow-laden province") is a state in the northern part of India. Besides these, there is a Government Dental College in Shimla which is the state's first recognised dental institute.[129]. [107][108][109] Of late, the demand for these handicrafts has increased within and outside the country. [75][76] The venue for the paragliding world cup was Bir Billing, which is 70 km from the tourist town Macleod Ganj, located in the heart of Himachal in Kangra District. climate conditions in himachal, himachal pradesh climate Climate of Himachal Pradesh : The Himalaya constitute the highest mountain system of the world. Most of the major rivers like Chenab, Beas, Parvati, Baspa, Spiti, Ravi, Satluj, and its perennial tributaries originating from the Himalayas depend upon the seasonal snow cover for their discharge dependability. The Buddhists, who constitute 1.15%, are mainly natives and tribals from Lahaul and Spiti, where they form a majority of 62%, and Kinnaur, where they form 21.5%. These kingdoms enjoyed a large degree of independence and were invaded by Delhi Sultanate a number of times. [15] Some, including the rulers of Chamba, Bilaspur, Bhagal and Dhami, rendered help to the British government during the revolt. The total route length of the operational railway network in the state is 296.26 kilometres (184.09 mi). [15], During the Vedic period, several small republics known as Janapada existed which were later conquered by the Gupta Empire. However, the Nepali army could not capture Kangra fort which came under Maharaja Ranjeet Singh in 1809. Monal. This life supporting systems are presently under great stress due to impact of modern civilization, economic development and growth in human and cattle population. As Himachal Pradesh is a state with a cold climate, the people here have a healthy appreciation for woolen clothes, including caps, scarves, shawls, sweaters and more. [69] Manimahesh Lake situated in the Bharmour region of Chamba district is the venue of an annual Hindu pilgrimage trek held in the month of August which attracts lakhs of devotees. The British territories came under the British Crown after Queen Victoria's proclamation of 1858. RAINFALL, CLIMATE AND TEMPERATURE OF HIMACHAL PRADESH | HIMACHAL GENERAL KNOWLEDGE | HIMACHAL PARIKSHA RAINFALL, CLIMATE AND TEMPERATURE OF HIMACHAL PRADESH Due to variation in elevation(350m-7025m) the climatic conditions are also variable in the state.The climatic conditions vary from hot and subhumid tropical in the south-west to temperate, … [17], Himachal became a Part 'C' state on 26 January 1950 with the implementation of the Constitution of India and the Lieutenant Governor was appointed. Being a sub-Himalayan state, Himachal Pradesh has a varied climate that changes with altitude. Kala, C.P. Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: [ɦɪˈmaːtʃəl pɾəˈdeːʃ] (listen); lit. (2000) Status and conservation of rare and endangered medicinal plants in the Indian trans-Himalaya. Other Traditional Clothing Items of Himachal Pradesh. [14] The foothills of the modern state of Himachal Pradesh were inhabited by people from the Indus valley civilisation which flourished between 2250 and 1750 BCE. They managed to defeat Sansar Chand Katoch, the ruler of Kangra, in 1806 with the help of many provincial chiefs. They are protected by an extensive cover of natural vegetation.[19]. [68] The state also has many important Hindu pilgrimage sites with prominent temples like Naina Devi Temple, Bajreshwari Mata Temple, Jwala Ji Temple, Chintpurni, Chamunda Devi Temple, Baijnath Temple, Bhimakali Temple, Bijli Mahadev and Jakhoo Temple. Only the male has such beauty, the female is a dull brown companion. [5][88] The scheduled castes and scheduled tribes account for 25.19 per cent and 5.71 per cent of the population, respectively. Scattered Rains Likely over Kerala, Tamil Nadu; Cold Wave to Hit Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, East Madhya Pradesh Weekly Digest (January 11-15, 2021): Top Weather, Environment and … Tell us what you think of this blog. Himachal Pradesh is one of the states that lies in the Indian Himalayan Region (IHR), one of the richest reservoirs of biological diversity in the world. He added that studies which are being carried out by the Centre for mapping of seasonal snow cover in terms of its spatial distribution covers the different river basins in Himachal Pradesh during the winter season from October to May and is an important input in order to understand the contribution of snow in different catchments to sustain the hydrology of the river basins. The legislature consists of elected members and special office bearers such as the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker who are elected by the members. Maharashtra home minister Anil Deshmukh said the state government was taking legal opinion on the possibility of action against Arnab Goswami under the 1923 Official Secrets because of the WhatsApp conversation related to national security. [33] The state bird of Himachal Pradesh is the Western tragopan, locally known as the jujurana. Their unopposed election is being seen as a foregone conclusion, provided none of the remaining candidates withdraw, which will otherwise make voting necessary. One is the Kalka-Shimla Railway, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and another is the Pathankot-Jogindernagar line. Muslims are mainly concentrated in Sirmaur, Chamba, Una and Solan districts where they form 2.53-6.27% of the population. This was a drastic increase from the 13% that was recorded in 2006–2007. [117] Lentils (Dāl), rice (Chāwal or Bhāț), vegetables (Sabzī) and chapati (wheat flatbread) form the staple food of the local population. During the first six five-year plans, most of the development expenditure in education sector was utilised in quantitative expansion, but after the seventh five-year-plan the state government switched emphasis on qualitative improvement and modernisation of education. The state of Himachal Pradesh is divided into 12 districts[40] which are grouped into three divisions, Shimla, Kangra and Mandi. [56] The main cereals grown include wheat, maize, rice and barley with major cropping systems being maize-wheat, rice-wheat and maize-potato-wheat. Avian flu cases have been confirmed in four states, including Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh and Kerala with hundreds of migratory birds and crows being found dead. Under the leadership of Amar Singh Thapa, the Nepali army laid siege to Kangra. [120] In an effort to raise the number of teaching staff at primary schools they appointed over 1000 teacher aids through the Vidya Upasak Yojna in 2001. The Assembly is unicameral with 68 Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLA). Due to extreme variation in elevation, great variation occurs in the climatic conditions of Himachal. Climate of Himachal Pradesh. If you have visited any of these places, we would like to know what about it appealed to you the most. [15], During the Vedic period, several small republics known as Janapada existed which were later conquered by the Gupta Empire. [66] Himachal's hydro-electric power production is however yet to be fully utilised. [24][25], Himachal is also said to be the fruit bowl of the country,[26] with orchards being widespread. Bir Billing is the centre for aero sports in Himachal and considered as best for paragliding. Further, during peak winter months, the snow cover area has reduced gradually from February onwards which may affect the runoff patterns during the summer months. Governments in Rajasthan, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Kerala have reported cases on bird flu till now, Minister of State (MoS) for Agriculture and Food Processing, Sanjeev Balyan said on Wednesday. Rapidly changing climate is degrading the snow cover of Himalayan rivers originating in Himachal Pradesh, according to a recent study by the State Centre on Climate … In fact, you can visit in different seasons for all together different experiences. Source: Department of Information and Public Relations.[131]. Go, explore and appreciate the beauty of these 12 places in Himachal Pradesh. There is great diversification in the climatic conditions of Himachal due to variation in elevation (450-6500mtrs). Hill stations like Shimla, Manali, Dharamshala, Dalhousie, Chamba, Khajjiar, Kullu and Kasauli are popular destinations for both domestic and foreign tourists. The state was declared India's second open-defecation-free state in 2016. Himachal Pradesh Forest Minister Rakesh Pathania had informed that 2,403 birds have died so far. Among these were the states of Kangra, Jaswan, Datarpur, Guler, Rajgarh, Nurpur, Chamba, Suket, Mandi, and Bilaspur. [15] The Kols and Mundas are believed to be the original inhabitants to the hills of present-day Himachal Pradesh followed by the Bhotas and Kiratas. Leaders of all 40 farm unions which are taking part in the protest will meet three cabinet ministers of the government for the 10th round of talks this afternoon in an effort to end the impasse. [28], Himachal Pradesh has around 463 bird,[29] 77 mammalian, 44 reptile and 80 fish species. [23] Lahaul-Spiti region of the state, being a cold desert, supports unique plants of medicinal value including Ferula jaeschkeana, Hyoscyamus niger, Lancea tibetica, and Saussurea bracteata. [79] The total length of these two tracks is 259 kilometres (161 mi). [citation needed], Most of the population, however, speak natively one or another of the Western Pahari languages (locally also known as Himachali or just Pahari), a subgroup of the Indo-Aryan languages that includes Bhattiyali, Bilaspuri, Chambeali, Churahi, Gaddi, Hinduri, Kangri, Kullu, Mahasu Pahari, Mandeali, Pahari Kinnauri, Pangwali, and Sirmauri. [97][98], Hinduism is the major religion in Himachal Pradesh. [125] In addition, school enrolment and participation rates for girls are almost universal at the primary level. 10 BJP and two SP candidates are in the fray in the legislative council polls for 12 seats. [124] The state has a female literacy rate of around 76%. The climate varies across the state with the altitude. [50] More than 50% of this expenditure was incurred on transport and communication; while the power sector got a share of just 4.6%, though it had steadily increased to 7% by the Third Plan. [62] According to the provisional estimates of Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, the annual apple production in Himachal for fiscal 2015–16 stood at 753,000 tonnes, making it India's second-largest apple-producing state after Jammu and Kashmir. [34] It is one of the rarest living pheasants in the world. [105] The tribal population of the state consists mainly of Gaddis, Gujjars, Kanauras, Pangwalas, Bhots, Swanglas and Lahaulas. The Kingdom of Gorkha conquered many kingdoms and came to power in Nepal in 1768. Current Science, 89 (8): 1331–1338. Thank you for subscribing to our daily newsletter. Winter lasts from late November till mid-March. The State of Bilaspur was merged into Himachal Pradesh on 1 July 1954 by the Himachal Pradesh and Bilaspur (New State) Act, 1954. After a brief period of supremacy by King Harshavardhana, the region was divided into several local powers headed by chieftains, including some Rajputs principalities. Considering the present trend of winter snowfall in Himachal Pradesh, the winter precipitation was mapped in all the basins viz Chandra, Bhaga, Miyar, Beas, Parvati, Jiwa, Pin, Spiti and Baspa using AWIFS satellite data having a spatial resolution of 56 mts from October to May. [48] The per capita income increased from ₹130,067 in 2015–16 to ₹147,277 in 2016–17. [67] The identified hydroelectric potential for the state is 27,436 MW in five river basins[65] while the hydroelectric capacity in 2016 was 10,351 MW. [18], The drainage system of Himachal is composed both of rivers and glaciers. While higher levels of education do reflect a gender-based disparity, Himachal is still significantly ahead of other states at bridging the gap. (2002) Medicinal Plants of Indian Trans-Himalaya: Focus on Tibetan Use of Medicinal Resources. Meadows and pastures are also seen clinging to steep slopes. Government of India. [120] The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is another HP government initiative that not only aims for universal elementary education but also encourages communities to engage in the management of schools. The Cryospheric studies are important as the one-third part of the state is characterised by this great Himlayan reserve and the studies of which using any other conventional method is not possible due to the inaccessibility of this area. The leader of the party or coalition with a majority in the Legislative Assembly is appointed as the Chief Minister by the governor, and the Council of Ministers are appointed by the governor on the advice of the Chief Minister. [40], The era of planning in Himachal Pradesh started in 1951 along with the rest of India with the implementation of the first five-year plan. [15], Himachal is in the western Himalayas. 1. [17] On 18 December 1970, the State of Himachal Pradesh Act was passed by Parliament, and the new state came into being on 25 January 1971. The temperature in Kerala normally ranges from 28° to 32° C (82° to 90° F) on the plains but drops to about 20° C (68° F) in the highlands. The carpets, leather works, Kullu shawls, Kangra paintings, Chamba Rumals, stoles, embroidered grass footwear (Pullan chappal), silver jewellery, metal ware, knitted woolen socks, Pattoo, basketry of cane and bamboo (Wicker and Rattan) and woodwork are among the notable ones. [15] In the revolt of 1857, or first Indian war of independence, arising from a number of grievances against the British,[15] the people of the hill states were not as politically active as were those in other parts of the country. They came into direct conflict with the British along the tarai belt after which the British expelled them from the provinces of the Satluj. [15] During World War I, virtually all rulers of the hill states remained loyal and contributed to the British war effort, both in the form of men and materials. [19] The drainage systems of the region are the Chandra Bhaga or the Chenab, the Ravi, the Beas, the Sutlej, and the Yamuna. Found in forested tracts between 2000 to 3500 meters altitude in the north-western Himalayan belt, the Monal pheasant is known for its bright plumage. After the winter season, the hillsides and orchards bloom with wild flowers, while gladiolas, carnations, marigolds,[27] roses, chrysanthemums, tulips and lilies are carefully cultivated. Without chairperson and members, Bihar women’s commission is failing victims, Uttarakhand to get 92k Covid doses this week to cover entire healthcare force, Rajasthan Congress MLA Gajendra Singh Shaktawat dies after prolonged illness, Farmers' tractor rally: Group of farm union leaders to meet police officials, BJP, SP candidates step closer to unopposed election to UP legislative council, 13 dead, 18 injured in road accident due to fog in West Bengal's Jalpaiguri, Delhiwale: An evening in Babu Lal’s village, Bird flu: Red Fort shut till January 26 after sample of dead crow tests positive, Sheena Bora murder case: CBI court refuses to exempt Indrani Mukerjea from wearing jail uniform sari, Gram panchayats across Maharashtra get a shot of fresh blood as youngsters win elections, BMC proposes 10 more CBSE-affiliated civic schools in Mumbai, Inter-state vehicle racket busted by Mumbai Police: 7 arrested, 19 high-end cars seized, Maharashtra gram panchayat elections: Shiv Sena, BJP claim they won highest number of victories, Maharashtra government mulls action against Arnab Goswami over leaked chats, Mumbai civic body ward offices abuzz with Covid-19 vaccine enquiries, The current situation only complicates the existing challenges for the commission that is already grappling with cases pending for the last several months. [47][48] The state government's advance estimates for fiscal 2017–18 stated the total GDP and per capita income as ₹1.359 trillion and ₹158,462, respectively. The hilly state is almost universally electrified with 99.5% of the households having electricity as of 2016. Climate Of Himachal Pradesh & Best Months To Plan A Trip. There are three main seasons: winter from October to March, summer from April to June and rainy from July to September. The state witnessed a marginal decrease of about 0.72% in its snow cover from October 2019 to May this year in comparison to 2018-19 i.e total average area under snow has reduced from 20210.23Km2 to 20064.00Km2, By Navneet Rathore | Hindustan Times, Shimla. The climate varies from hot and subhumid tropical in the southern tracts to, with more elevation, cold, alpine, and glacial in the northern and eastern mountain ranges. of 1950). The state shares a border to the east with the Tibet Autonomous Region in China. [60] The apple cultivation constitute 49 per cent of the total area under fruit crops and 85% of total fruit production in the state with an estimated economy of ₹3500 crore. Based on summer month analysis, in Chenab basin (65% of the total basin area) and Satluj basin (50% of the total basin area) will contribute as snowmelt in the river system after May onwards in comparison to Beas basin (45%) and the Ravi basin (26%) of the total basin area this year. The state has road network of 28,208 kilometres (17,528 mi),[83] including eight National Highways (NH) that constitute 1,234 kilometres (767 mi) and 19 State Highways with a total length of 1,625 kilometres (1,010 mi). [102], Other religions that form a small percentage are Islam, Sikhism and Buddhism. Timur and Sikander Lodi also marched through the lower hills of the state and captured a number of forts and fought many battles. 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