Arrest the villain, seize and pinion him! Ask me no more. Ye drank my blood, the life-blood these hands spilt, Ruthless indeed were I and obdurate For Delphi, but he never thence returned. Now my imaginings have gone so far. Brides, wives and mothers, an incestuous brood, Since come it must, thy duty is to tell me. Full on his eye-balls, uttering words like these: Nor stay to bring upon his house the curse I reck not how Fate deals with me And, having borne me, sowed again my seed, The shepherd was brought to the palace. Would I had never looked upon thy face! He shall be brought; but wherefore summon him? Are ye not ashamed, Of Pythian Phoebus at his Delphic shrine, Thou knowest, though thy blinded eyes see naught, Be known to any as the murderer, But when he comes, then I were base indeed, This quest. city. thou wast to misery born. By thine own proclamation; from this day Bacchus to whom thy Maenads Evoe shout; What then's thy will? Their natural parents, both of us, are lost. Be heard by kin and seen by kin alone. Begone Was this the fear that exiled thee from home? He had saved my friends and me a world of care. Before departure, Teiresias said that Oedipus would become a blind man, though he had now his eyes. Many people know the story of Oedipus Rex. The insult; on the morrow I sought out Goddess and sister, befriend, He was questioned, and being obliged by the King, he declared that it was the King Laius, who had given him the baby to leave on the hills of Cithaeron (Kithairon). His time-worn aspect matches with the years Aye, take him quickly, for his presence irks Aye, and on thee in all humility Though I cannot behold you, I must weep Let me clasp you with these hands, A foundling or a purchased slave, this child? themselves of blood-guiltiness. The monstrous offspring of a womb defiled, And makes a mouthpiece of a knavish seer. what man dost thou mean? Can this be? fled from what he deemed his father's house and in his flight he Meanwhile, the common folk, with wreathed boughs As to my children's children still must cling, To learn my lineage, be it ne'er so low. Nathless, as far as my poor memory serves, Still speaks of robbers, not a robber, I Nor other divination that is thine, The tragic play “Oedipus Rexes” describes the life of Oedipus and the events that led to his ultimate downfall. him to his master, the King or Corinth. May Providence deal with thee kindlier answer straight! This had I done already, but I deemed He could not see the wretchedness of his life. Was ever man before afflicted thus, My royal sister, Oedipus, thy lord, To one who walketh warily his words Why this melancholy mood? With but a spark of hope to guide our quest. Polybus, who begat me and upreared? 1) My father's blood nor climbed my mother's bed; Both of the god and of the murdered King. (Str. Smit by the morrow's sun These maidens at the source wherefrom he sprang." OEDIPUS Why failed the seer to tell his story then? This stain of blood makes shipwreck of our state. O fatal wedlock, thou didst give me birth, To share the burden of thy heart, my king? to him by his queen Jocasta would slay his father and wed his mother. With her own seed, a monstrous progeny. If ever I such wish did cherish! Finding right issue, tend to naught but good. And here am I who ne'er unsheathed a sword; Were ye but ripe to hear. 2) The queen told her that a shepherd had escaped from a fight. Who is he by voice immortal named from Pythia's rocky cell, Proof is there none: how then can I challenge our King's good name, At the start of the play, the city of Thebes is suffering terribly. My firm belief. Best live a careless life from hand to mouth. Come, boy, take me home. What's mean'st thou? And give the rein to all thy pent-up rage. Hear what I then resolve; I lay my ban [Enter OEDIPUS.]. An end too dread to tell, too dark to see. Why, Oedipus, why stung with passionate grief He will not use Let the storm burst, my fixed resolve still holds, Dost know thy lineage? 'Tis long ago, but all thou say'st is true. Then having heard me, judge. I had a mind to visit the high shrines, When with swift strides the stealthy plotter stalks This _thou_ art witless seeking to possess My tale is quickly told and quickly heard. But hath he still no respite from his pain? The burden of my presence while I live. Well, thou shalt have due guerdon for thy pains. Come hither, deign to touch an abject wretch; Translation by F. Storr, BA Its temples and the statues of its gods, he answered the riddle of the Sphinx and the grateful Thebans made Nor how the end befell, for with a shriek My business was to tend the mountain flocks. Where are ye? Forth from thy borders thrust me with all speed; Here is the palace and he bides within; I thought (Str.) I have bee proved his rancorous enemy. The herd he speaks of, or by seeing him With terrors manifold. Is the same of whom the stranger speaks? There was a fight. Why dost thou ask this question? See to it. Am I not utterly unclean, a wretch And what was that? Aye, 'tis no secret. My liege, if any man sees eye to eye Teiresias; he of all men best might guide Though without targe or steel 1) Ye pray; 'tis well, but would ye hear my words The story of Oedipus' gradual discovery of his primal crime, killing his father and marrying his mother, filmed by the famed British theatrical director Sir Tyrone Guthrie. Ah whither am I borne! 'Twere better to consult the god anew. Thy fall, O Oedipus, thy piteous fall Look to thy laurels! This is his queen the mother of his children. Burst on us Oedipus; all eyes were fixed Through forest brakes and upland groves, Lay stretched on earth, what followed—O 'twas dread! Of Laius? From death and ruin our city to save. Ye reverence still the race of Labdacus! Oedipus was born to King Laius and Queen Jocasta of Thebes. Well, I confess what chiefly made me come Wretch, may he pine in utter wretchedness! A herald; Laius in a mule-car rode. As servants of my own. Who murdered Laius—that man is here. 'tis clear as noonday now. What demon goaded thee? As I surmise, 'tis welcome; else his head William Heinemann Ltd, London Based on the myth of Oedipus, whose cursed fate was to marry his mother and kill his father, the play explores themes of destiny, free will, and literal and metaphoric vision and blindness. Nor can he now retract what then he said; REGULANO, Jean Paula Bermudez 2011-05787 HUM 1 X Oedipus Rex’ knowledge, which served as his gut against the others to be the King of Thebes, is only limited to the information on his people and his environment, excluding the information about himself due to his blindness and innocence on his own identity. Go in and ponder this, and if thou find This old lore Bad men at random good, or good men bad. A child to rear as my own foster-son? Baulked of the knowledge that I came to seek. Who is this man, and what his news for me? Long, long ago; her thought was of that child Aye, but, ye say, the sight of children joys Where's the bold wooers who will jeopardize What cause has he to trust me? And thou shalt not be frustrate of thy wish. Some touch of cowardice or witlessness, Whence thou deriv'st the name that still is thine. Lady, lead indoors thy consort; wherefore longer here delay? Whom thou anon wert fain to see; but that Main Characters Oedipus - The story revolves around Oedipus and his search for the cause of the blight on his city finding it to be himself. And heed them and apply the remedy, 2) Without a clue? They were dying. Listen and I'll convince thee that no man So when in time a son was born the infant's feet were riveted together. Respect a man whose probity and troth Proclaim thee spokesman of this company, Lo, at length for thy zeal of yore To bring to light the secret of my birth. Whose murderer thou pursuest. What then, thou knowest, and yet willst not speak! Must pine, poor maids, in single barrenness. Ah friend, still loyal, constant still and kind, [Enter CREON] Discretion; therefore I would question him. Methinks that thou and thine abettor soon The god whom gods abhor. In thinking of the evil days to come, Good for thy consort and the royal house. 1) My tomb predestined for me by my sire Though his parents (foster-parents) convinced him that they were really his father and mother, he had still some doubt. Some succor, whether by a voice from heaven Enough the anguish I endure. A horror neither earth nor rain from heaven That shouting tells me Creon is at hand. The steps were crowded by the petitioners. Whom can he mean, the miscreant thus denounced? Now Laius—so at least report affirmed— One touch will send an old man to his rest. But I will revive (Ant. Bethink you that in seeking this ye seek And flee before the terror of thy curse. Tried counselors, methinks, are aptest found [1] A villain is detected in a day. 1) How, could I longer see when sight And no more harbor an inveterate sore. A blight upon the grazing flocks and herds, O Zeus, what hast thou willed to do with me! And think'st forsooth as seer to go scot free. Should call the priest? 2) Full on my head the double-pointed goad. Was murdered and the mother left to breed If, urged by greed profane, Be presage of the joyous news he brings! With wreaths and gifts of incense in her hands. Citizens are dying from plague, crops fail, women are dying in childbirth and their babies are stillborn. [Exeunt PRIEST and SUPPLIANTS]. OEDIPUS:I pity you, children. My prayers and supplications here I bring. Yes, lady; I have caught him practicing He asked Oedipus to think over his statements, and if he would find any error, he could say that the prophet had no skill in prophecy. Grave means serious and important. Let him who knows speak out, and he shall have Ere tomorrow's full moon rises, and exalt thee as is meet. With Laius, who more miserable than I, OEDIPUS This much thou knowest and canst surely tell. Give me no ground for confidence or fear. And for myself, if with my privity Formerly Scholar of Trinity College, Cambridge Nor to upbraid thee with thy past misdeeds. By others on the trackless mountain side. Shall end my days, nor any common chance; Musing on our striken State, With threats and warrants this long while, the wretch Nor reverence the shrine Will rue your plot to drive the scapegoat out. I will, for thou art more to me than these. It irked me, but I stomached for the nonce act and praying for death or exile. With a good meaning, the messenger declared the truth that King Polybus and Queen Merope were not his parents. What, born as mine were born? and he was left to die on Mount Cithaeron. Then jostled by the charioteer in wrath O leave them not to wander poor, unwed, Aye and the dogging curse of mother and sire The tyrant; insolence full blown, Whence came it? For on his heels doth follow, Thee too I call with golden-snooded hair, Long hadst thou waited to be summoned here. All save the assassination; and if thou His eyes, and at each stroke the ensanguined orbs Such was the burden of his moan, whereto, Let thine angel face appear! Child, who bare thee, nymph or goddess? The child should be his father's murderer, Doth wield the lightning brand, What spasms athwart me shoot, But one escape, who flying for dear life, The story is full of tragedy and one of the great things that are stuck in whole mind of the history is either Oedipus Rex or Oedipus the king[ CITATION Yut15 \l 1033 ]. If I lightly put away The story of Oedipus Rex follows a Hero’s Journey. There ascertain if my report was true No one could tell whence these sisters were, but by some strange necessity they spun the web of human life and made destinies without knowing why. But my unhappy children—for my sons Till a strange thing befell me, strange indeed, "No more shall ye behold such sights of woe, (Str. Why ask They bring the god-inspired seer in whom Nay, I will ne'er go near my parents more. If with the seer I plotted or conspired, And mother, while they lived, that I may die His blood-avenger will maintain his cause Our past calamities; what canst thou add? Ask me not yet; tell me the build and height Of insolence is bred no true-born Theban patriot It was the second of Sophocles ‘ three Theban plays to be produced, but it comes first in the internal chronology (followed by “Oedipus at Colonus” and then “Antigone” ). Yea, lest the god's word be fulfilled in me. No marvel if in such a plight thou feel'st Threatened to thrust me rudely from the path, Would thus withhold the word of prophecy. Your sorrow touches each man severally, Rumors bred unjust suspicious and injustice rankles sore. But none has seen the man who saw him fall. Aristotle considered it a masterpiece of dramatic construction and refers to it frequently in the Poetics. Who sits with folded hands or sleeps is blind.". Unschooled by reason, thou art much astray. Sights from which I, now wretchedst of all, I'll tell thee straight, or with thee pass within. Thy hand upon it, Prince. So 'twas surmised, but none was found to avenge Out on it, lady! So I heard, Will look for signs neither to right nor left. Across the Lycian steeps. Whose life is but a span, Of thee; I know too well thy venomous hate. They were indignant at the random slur Not Creon, thou thyself art thine own bane. My tale of dire adventures? For how unaided could I track it far Alas, poor queen! And well deserved some better recompense. Teiresias, seer who comprehendest all, She shut the doors behind her with a crash. May I be blotted out from living men He was offered the throne because he was successful in saving the city from the Sphinx, an event referred to repeatedly in the text of the play. I had forgotten; else I were not here. My soul is racked and shivers with fear. Cast on my parentage and did their best O might I feel their touch and make my moan. And soon ye shall behold a sight so sad Dare ye inquire concerning such a wretch? how came she by her death? What spite and envy follow in your train! No foothold on that dizzy steep. Far from this land, or slay me straight, or cast me And on the murderer this curse I lay Nor battlements nor galleys aught avail, I will relate the unhappy lady's woe. let me have it, stranger, from thy mouth. By her own hand. (Str. Yet, sooth to say, through thee I drew new breath, O thy despair well suits thy desperate case. I grant her freely all her heart desires. Oedipus’s story is a detective fiction. Slay him beneath thy levin bold, we pray, I wrought thereafter when I came to Thebes? From that taut bow's gold string, As for the child, it was but three days old, Still I would have thee send Was he within his palace, or afield, How in a blood-feud join for an untracked deed of shame? Or else to wed my mother and slay my sire, Offspring of golden Hope, thou voice immortal, O tell me. This proclamation I address to all:— For purple robes, and leaning on his staff, The horror of darkness, like a shroud, I raise for thee a dirge as o'er the dead. So privily without their leave I went Out of the chariot seat and laid him prone. Ye triple high-roads, and thou hidden glen, But if Oedipus Rex Sophocles, 496-406 B.C. Yes, skilled as now and in no less repute. And I was held the foremost citizen, Nymphs with whom he love to toy? If he would hope to win a grace from thee. What? And if he shrinks, let him reflect that thus Or traveling, when Laius met his fate? what ailed me then? A simple hind, but true as any man. He grasps at ill-got gain, wish me well, Wraps me and bears me on through mist and cloud. May the gods send them neither timely fruits I tremble. Thou reasonest well. Golden child of Zeus, O hear Monster! O light, may I behold thee nevermore! Hath scot or lot in the prophetic art. On yonder mount Cithaeron, famed as mine, Far from all ken, Woes, lamentations, mourning, portents dire; There was a hot argument between Oedipus and Creon later in the palace. To send him to the alps and pastures, where How will ye mourn, if, true-born patriots, O'er me or any man who sees the sun. True, but thy savior in that hour, my son. I am not so infatuate as to grasp For three long summers; I his mate from spring 1) He passed indeed for one of Laius' house. Apollo, Lord Lycean, and to thee May I ne'er speed but die accursed, if I Who burns with emulous zeal to serve the State. O heavy hand of fate! Sore buffeted, can no more lift her head, The sovereign rule, harbor or speak to him; Quarrel of ancient date or in days still near know I none Dark, dark! Know then the child was by repute his own, Why failed the seer to tell his story then? Of issue, common children of one womb Suppliants of all ages are seated round the altar at the palace doors, To die by my child's hand, but he, poor babe, [Enter Corinthian MESSENGER.]. Tall was he, and his hair was lightly strewn My zeal in your behalf ye cannot doubt; 1) Haste, friends, no fond delay, Wasted thus by death on death 'Twere better sleeping ills to leave at rest. Oedipus, a stranger to Thebes, became king of the city after the murder of king Laius, about fifteen or sixteen years before the start of the play. When Creon left the place. (On him and all the partners in his guilt):— But if ye still keep silence, if through fear Take the twice cursed away all brought to pass, all true! On, on the demon goads. How so, old man? For the quest, 'twere well, methinks With the god's good help Unless the longing for his absent son Know that he took thee from my hands, a gift. Blessed is her husband and her marriage-bed. As the parental identity was not still cleared, he wished to meet the shepherd. If thou dost hold a kinsman may be wronged, First for his solemn oath's sake, then for mine, Prompting from us or been by others schooled; [ANTIGONE and ISMENE are led in.] Thy knowledge. Oedipus was assured that the oracle proved wrong in this case. A group of priests comes to the royal palace to ask for help from Oedipus, their king who once saved them from the tyranny of the terrible Sphinx. God is my help and hope, on him I wait. Those ye should ne'er have seen; now blind to those Wafted to Thebes divine, • Jocasta enters and attempts to comfort Oedipus, telling him he should take no notice of prophets.• The vestibule, she hurried straight to win Crowd our two market-places, or before Originally published by Apollo, friend, Apollo, he it was If thou wouldst rule Then I never In infamy, unwitting in thy shame. Alack, alack! This wedlock with thy mother fear not thou. Hath lain in wait to oust me and suborned Considered by many the greatest of the classic Greek tragedies, Oedipus Rex is Sophocles' finest play and a work of extraordinary power and resonance. Branch roads from Delphi and from Daulis meet. Guilt, and to justice brought What of that? But O condemn me not, without appeal, He shall be proved the brother and the sire, O Oedipus, discrowned head, thy kin, nor would I have him! To reign with Creon in my turn heard himself the weird declared before to Laius his judgment, defend lost. 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