Binger, OK 73009. They lived in the piney woods. The land was filled with pine trees. The Caddo Nation is a confederacy of several Native American tribes who historically inhabited much of what is now East Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Oklahoma.They were descendants of the Caddoan Mississippian culture that constructed huge earthwork mounds at several sites in this territory. Caddo Lake State Park History. More than 1,200 years ago, a group of Caddo Indians knows as the Hasinai built a village and ceremonial center on the prairie overlooking the Neches River. All documents must be provided for assistance to be considered. Caddo Valley is a town in Clark County located halfway between Texarkana and Little Rock. When the Spaniards crossed the threshold to Caddo country on June 20, 1542, they entered a nation uniquely distinguished by language, social structure, tradition, and way of life. Email - covidrelief@mycaddonation.com It is near the Louisiana border. Caddo Valley. When the Caddos first arrived, they continued their semi-nomadic style of hunting and gathering. Clark County was founded on December 15, 1818, as part of Missouri Territory and was named for Missouri territorial governor William Clark of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. The Caddo lived in several tribal groups in southwest Arkansas and nearby areas of Texas, Louisiana, and Oklahoma from A.D. 1000 to about A.D. 1800. Caddo Indian Fact Sheet. The park’s rich history includes the presence of the Caddo Indians of the 18th and 19th centuries, although it is believed that people have inhabited this East Texas area for nearly 12,000 years. Jim Tiller, Before the Line, Volume III: Caddo Indians: The Final Years (2013), Electronic version available at Newton Gresham Library, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville. Native American Facts For Kids was written for young people learning about the Caddos for school or home-schooling reports. By Hannah Whitney. In turn, the Caddo participated in the French fur trade, and they exchanged guns, horses, and other items with Indian groups and Europeans. Sometime between 700 and 800 they settled the area between the Arkansas River and the middle reaches of the Red, Sabine, Angelina, and Neches rivers and adopted agriculture. Location; Caddo Location. PO Box 487. Applicants must be an enrolled member of the Caddo Nation, 18 years of age, and head of household. F. Todd Smith, The Caddo Indians: Tribes at the Convergence of Empires, 1542–1854 (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1995). The resulting economic symbiosis between the Caddo groups and Europeans, as well as the continued political stability of Caddo communities, was key to the political success and strength of Caddo tribes. They had lots of animals which allowed them to have a lot of food. 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